The architecture of the Lincoln Memorial was carefully planned based on the Greek style of architecture. The marble president sits regally but casually, attracting everyone who steps into the memorial with his immortal charisma. As a famous symbol of Washington D.C., a small piece of American history and the knowledge about the structure of the memorial is required to understand the carvings of the two layers of the roof.
Abraham Lincoln was elected as the sixteenth president of the United States during the nineteenth century. He is remembered today as the president who fought for the freedom of slaves in the United States. A peaceful consensus could not be reached and the Civil War broke out between the North and South of the country. This bloody war resolved with the North as the winner. Lincoln was the first president to be assassinated. In the memory of this great, unique, and tall president, the Lincoln Memorial was built to the west of the Washington Monument.
The whole building is made with marble, including the sitting statue of America’s sixteenth president, Abraham Lincoln. There are tall pillars standing proudly around the main building, supporting the roof. There are two layers of the roof. The top layer is smaller than the lower layer. Lincoln is seated right in the middle of the main hall of the memorial. There are pillars inside the building that separate the main hall and the other two halls next to it. When one enters the memorial and turns right, the Emancipation Proclamation, the speech made by Lincoln after the Civil War, is carved into the wall. On the other hand, if one turns left, the Gettysberg Address is carved into the wall. The interior of the memorial is very symbolic and important, but the outer architecture is of an equal importance.
While Lincoln was the president of the United States, the country had thirty-six states. Hence, the names of the thirty-six states are carved into the lower layer of the roof. In 1922, the Lincoln Memorial was completed, and when it was completed, the United States had forty-eight states. Therefore, the names of the forty-eight states were carved into the upper layer of the roof. People might not notice the names of these states. But it is common for people to notice the plaque, which has Hawaii and Alaska written on it. One might also not notice the echo and loudness of the people talking inside the memorial. There are more people crowded in front of the Lincoln statue than in front of the two speeches he made on the two wings of the memorial. There are more tourists than travelers that visit the Lincoln Memorial.